This questionnaire is in TWO (2) PARTS: Part I with eleven (11) questions (numbered I to XI), contained in five (5) pages; and Part II with twelve (12) questions (numbered XII to XXIII), contained in six (6) pages, for a total number of eleven (11) pages.
Write your answers to Part I and Part II in the corresponding portions indicated in the booklet.
Begin your answer to each numbered question on a separate page; an answer to a sub-question/s under the same number may be written continuously on the same page and succeeding pages until completed.
Answer the questions directly and concisely. Do not repeat the question. Write legibly.
HAND IN YOUR NOTEBOOK WITH THIS QUESTIONNAIRE
CONCHITA CARPIO MORALES
2010 BAR EXAMINATIONS COMMITTEE
PLEASE CHECK THAT THIS SET CONTAINS ELEVEN (11) PAGES (INCLUDING THIS PAGE).
WARNING: NOT FOR SALE OR UNAUTHORIZED USE
An agonizing and protracted trial having come to a close, the judge found A guilty beyond reasonable doubt of homicide and imposed on him a straight penalty of SIX (6) YEARS and ONE (1) DAY of prision mayor.
The public prosecutor objected to the sentence on the ground that the proper penalty should have been TWELVE (12) YEARS and ONE (1) DAY of reclusion temporal.
The defense counsel chimed in, contending that application of the Indeterminate Sentence Law should lead to the imposition of a straight penalty of SIX (6) MONTHS and ONE (1) DAY of prision correccional only. Who of the three is on the right track? Explain. (3%)
a. What is the crime of qualified bribery? (2%)
b. May a judge be charged and prosecuted for such felony? How about a public prosecutor? A police officer? Explain. (5%)
May a public officer charged under Section 3(b) of Republic Act No. 3019 ["directly or indirectly requesting or receiving any gift, present, share, percentage or benefit, for himself or for any other person, in connection with any contract or transaction between the government and any other party, wherein the public officer in his official capacity has to intervene under the law"] also be simultaneously or successively charged with direct bribery under Article 210 of the Revised Penal Code? Explain. (4%)
Because of the barbarity and hideousness of the acts committed by the suspects/respondents in cutting off their victims appendages, stuffing their torsos, legs, body parts into oil drums and bullet-riddled vehicles and later on burying these oil drums, vehicles with the use of backhoes and other earth-moving machinery, the Commission on Human Rights (CHR) investigating team recommended to the panel of public prosecutors that all respondents be charged with violation of the "Heinous Crimes Law." The prosecution panel agreed with the CHR. As the Chief Prosecutor tasked with approving the filing of the Information, how will you pass upon the recommendation? Explain. (5%)
Arlene is engaged in the buy and sell of used garments, more popularly known as "ukay-ukay." Among the items found by the police in a raid of her store in Baguio City were brand-new Louie Feraud blazers.
Arlene was charged with "fencing." Will the charge prosper? Why or why not? (5%)
There being probable cause to believe that certain deposits and investments in a bank are related to an unlawful activity of smuggling by Alessandro as defined under Republic Act (RA) No. 9160, as amended (Anti-Money Laundering Act) an application for an order to allow inquiry into his deposit was filed with the Regional Trial Court.
After hearing the application, the court granted the application and issued a freeze order.
Pass upon the correctness of the courts order. Explain. (3%)
A widower of ten years, septuagenarian Canuto felt that he had license to engage in voyeurism. If not peeping into his neighbors rooms through his powerful single-cylinder telescope, he would trail young, shapely damsels along the hallways of shopping malls. While going up the escalator, he stayed a step behind a mini-skirted one, and in a moment of excitement, put his hand on her left hip and massaged it. The damsel screamed and hollered for help. Canuto was apprehended and brought up on inquest. What charge/s, if any, may he be held responsible for? Explain. (5%)
A asked financial support from her showbiz friend B who accommodated her by issuing in her favor a postdated check in the sum of P90,000.00. Both of them knew that the check would not be honored because Bs account had just been closed. The two then approached trader C whom they asked to change the check with cash, even agreeing that the exchange be discounted at P85,000.00 with the assurance that the check shall be funded upon maturity. Upon Cs presentment of the check for payment on due date, it was dishonored because the account had already been closed.
What action/s may C commence against A and B to hold them to account for the loss of her P85,000.00? Explain. (5%)
Proserfina, an assistant public high school principal, acted to facilitate the release of salary differentials and election duty per diem of classroom teachers with the agreement that they would reimburse her for her expenses.
Did Proserfina commit a crime? Explain. (5%)
A, B and C are members of SFC Fraternity. While eating in a seaside restaurant, they were attacked by X, Y and Z, members of a rival fraternity. A rumble ensued in which the abovenamed members of the two fraternities assaulted each other in a confused and tumultuous manner resulting in the death of A. As it cannot be ascertained who actually killed A, the members of the two fraternities who took part in the rumble were charged for death caused in a tumultuous affray. Will the charge prosper? Explain. (4%)
Angelina maintains a website where visitors can give their comments on the posted pictures of the goods she sells in her exclusive boutique. Bettina posted a comment that the red Birkin bag shown in Angelinas website is fake and that Angelina is known to sell counterfeit items.
Angelina wants to file a case against Bettina. She seeks your advice. What advice will you give her? (4%)
a. Define Money Laundering. What are the three (3) stages in money laundering? (3%)
b. What is the doctrine of pro reo? How does it relate to Article 48 of the Revised Penal Code? (3%)
While his wife was on a 2-year scholarship abroad, Romeo was having an affair with his maid Dulcinea. Realizing that the affair was going nowhere, Dulcinea told Romeo that she was going back to the province to marry her childhood sweetheart. Clouded by anger and jealousy, Romeo strangled Dulcinea to death while she was sleeping in the maids quarters.
The following day, Romeo was found catatonic inside the maids quarters. He was brought to the National Center for Mental Health (NCMH) where he was diagnosed to be mentally unstable.
Charged with murder, Romeo pleaded insanity as a defense.
a. Will Romeos defense prosper? Explain. (2%)
b. What is the effect of the diagnosis of the NCMH on the case? (2%)
Paul lives with his long-time girlfriend Joan in a ondominium in Makati. For more than a year, he has been secretly saving money in an envelope under their bed to buy her an engagement ring. One day, while Joan was cleaning their room, she found the envelope, took the money, and left Paul. As prosecutor, what crime, if any, would you charge Joan? Explain. (3%)
Suspecting that her husband of twenty years was having an affair, Leilanie hired a private investigator to spy on him. After two weeks, the private investigator showed Leilanie a video of her husband having sexual intercourse with another woman in a room of a five-star hotel. Based on what she saw on the video, Leilanie accused her husband of concubinage.
Will the case of concubinage prosper? Explain. (3%)
The president, treasurer, and secretary of ABC Corporation were charged with syndicated estafa under the following Information:
Will the case for syndicated estafa prosper? Explain. (5%)
A killed his wife and buried her in their backyard. He immediately went into hiding in the mountains.
Three years later, the bones of As wife were discovered by X, the gardener. Since X had a standing warrant of arrest, he hid the bones in an old clay jar and kept quiet about it. After two years, Z, the caretaker, found the bones and reported the matter to the police.
After 15 years of hiding, A left the country but returned three years later to take care of his ailing sibling. Six years thereafter, he< was charged with parricide but raised the defense of prescription.
a. Under the Revised Penal Code, when does the period of prescription of a crime commence to run? (1%)
b. When is it interrupted? (1%)
c. Is As defense tenable? Explain. (3%)
On her way home, Eva Marie saw an injured chow chow puppy behind a bush. Since the puppy did not have a collar, she brought it home so she could have it as a pet. Her son in fact begged Eva Marie to keep the puppy. The following day, Eva Marie bought a collar for the puppy and brought it to a veterinarian for treatment.
a. Did Eva Marie incur criminal liability in bringing the puppy home as a pet? Explain. (2%)
b. Did she incur civil liability? Explain. (2%)
Jack and Jill have been married for seven years. One night, Jack came home drunk. Finding no food on the table, Jack started hitting Jill only to apologize the following day.
A week later, the same episode occurred Jack came home drunk and started hitting Jill.
Fearing for her life, Jill left and stayed with her sister. To woo Jill back, Jack sent her floral arrangements of spotted lilies and confectioneries. Two days later, Jill returned home and decided to give Jack another chance. After several days, however, Jack again came home drunk. The following day, he was found dead.
Jill was charged with parricide but raised the defense of "battered woman syndrome."
a. Define "Battered Woman Syndrome." (2%)
b. What are the three phases of the "Battered Woman Syndrome"? (3 %)
c. Would the defense prosper despite the absence of any of the elements for justifying circumstances of self-defense under the Revised Penal Code? Explain. (2%)
Matt was found guilty of drug trafficking while his younger brother Jeff was found guilty of possession of equipment, instrument, apparatus and other paraphernalia for dangerous drugs under Section 12 of Republic Act No. 9165.
Matt filed a petition for probation. Jeff appealed his conviction during the pendency of which he also filed a petition for probation.
The brothers counsel argued that they being first time offenders, their petitions for probation should be granted. How would you resolve the brothers petitions for probation? Explain. (3%)
Because peace negotiations on the Spratlys situation had failed, the Peoples Republic of China declared war against the Philippines. Myra, a Filipina who lives with her Italian expatriate boyfriend, discovered e-mail correspondence between him and a certain General Tung Kat Su of China.
On March 12, 2010, Myra discovered that on even date her boyfriend had sent an e-mail to General Tung Kat Su, in which he agreed to provide vital information on the military defense of the Philippines to the Chinese government in exchange for P1 million and his safe return to Italy. Two weeks later, Myra decided to report the matter to the proper authorities.
Did Myra commit a crime? Explain. (3%)
Immediately after murdering Bob, Jake went to his mother to seek refuge. His mother told him to hide in the maids quarters until she finds a better place for him to hide. After two days, Jake transferred to his aunts house. A week later, Jake was apprehended by the police. Can Jakes mother and aunt be made criminally liable as accessories to the crime of murder? Explain. (3 %)
Christopher, John, Richard, and Luke are fraternity brothers. To protect themselves from rival fraternities, they all carry guns wherever they go. One night, after attending a party, they boarded a taxicab, held the driver at gunpoint and took the latters earnings.
a. What crime, if any, did the four commit? Enumerate the elements of the crime. (2%)
b. Would your answer be the same if they killed the driver? Explain. (2%)